Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore

Offerta Formativa

Psychology

The Foundation Knowledge Assessment test (VPI) consists of a compulsory test for all students enrolled in the 1st year of any undergraduate or integrated degree graduate programme. The VPI test is required to assess the basic knowledge needed in order to successfully attend the programme you selected.

 VPI test does not constitute a prerequisite to access or attend the programmes, but it is an opportunity to assess your knowledge and skills at the beginning of your university career.

The date of the test is automatically assigned after enrolment. You can view and modify this date, only when strictly necessary, through your personal iCatt page.

This test is held remotely and technical details will be notified to you after enrolment.

The test consists of a series of multiple-choice questions in Englishonline, lasting a total of 25 minutes, in

  • Reading comprehension (and logic) (20 questions).

Successful completion of the test is achieved with 50%+1 of the correct answers.

In case of a negative result or the test is not taken, an Additional Training Obligation (OFA) is assigned to fill in the gaps assessed.

Students with disabilities and/or with Specific Learning Disorders (DSA) are invited to contact the Disability and Specific Learning Disorders Support Service at least 8 days before the test.

For this degree profile, the Faculty has defined the following additional training obligation:

  • "Reading comprehension (and logic)": a 15-hour course taught in English in mixed mode (classroom/online), with final assessment.

Students are required to attend OFA according to the timetable provided (see the Freshman kit of their Faculty). The student who has attended at least 70% of the scheduled hours is admitted to the final assessment of the OFA course. Successful completion of the final examination means that the OFA is concluded and the student will be able to continue the university course without any Additional Training Obligations. During the first year, up to 3 attempts to pass the final assessment are planned without having to attend the OFA course again.

In case the student fails to pass the OFA final assessment, the group Tutor in charge will contact the student in order to support him/her in the process of accompaniment to the above-mentioned exam.

At the end of the last round of the OFA course, in the event of a negative outcome of the final assessment, the teacher responsible for the programme, after checking the results of the VPI and of the final tests of the above programme, and taking into account any 1st year profit exams passed by the student, may consider the OFA course to have been completed.

Otherwise the student is required to renew the enrolment for the first year of the programme to repeat the year.

A. Looking at our smartphone to check messages and socials while we are at the supermarket is not a good thing, it could make us spend more than expected. A test conducted by the University of Bath (UK) found that checking the smartphone several times leads to spending 41% more, because it distracts us from our usual paths between the shelves and our attention can more easily be captured by products which would probably have been ignored.

On what requirement is this argument based?

  • When looking at the smartphone, notifications of products on offer arrive continuously, intriguing  the consumer and leading him/her to a purchase
  • Most people, generally, tend to always buy the same products and move on autopilot towards the shelves on which these are located, disregarding the remaining products
  • The use of the smartphone affects the concentration and the shopping path only in certain supermarket departments

B. It seems incredible, but bees, bumblebees and other pollinators seem to prefer cities to the countryside. A team of researchers from the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg in Germany studied how urban growth impacts insect populations and what differences there are, in terms of quantity and biodiversity, with rural areas. Scientists have found that pollinators visit flowers in the city more often than those that grow in the countryside; specifically, bumblebees and bees represent 75% and 9% of regular visitors respectively. This does not mean that urban areas are absolutely richer in life than rural ones, the biodiversity in the countryside remains higher than in the city, the difference is due to the presence of pollinators, who prefer the city to fields.

Which of the following statements could explain why?

  • Although it may seem paradoxical, the urban environment is more favourable to these insects as there is more food variety and there are more potential shelters and places where they can nest 
  • Bees and bumblebees are more attracted by the colours and smells of flowers which grow in urban areas than by a cultivated field that often contains only one plant species
  • Cities are varied and constantly changing environments, and these characteristics mainly attract the pollinators who are happy to find their bearings in unknown places 

RISPOSTE

A - Most people, generally, tend to always buy the same products and move on autopilot towards the shelves on which these are located, disregarding the remaining products

B - Although it may seem paradoxical, the urban environment is more favourable to these insects as there is more food variety and there are more potential shelters and places where they can nest

 

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